If you continue to browse and use this website, you are agreeing to comply with and be bound by the following terms and conditions of use, which together with our privacy policy govern the Royal African Society [the RAS] relationship with you in relation to this website. If you disagree with any part of these terms and conditions, please do not use our website.

The terms ‘[Royal African Society, RAS or the RAS]’ or ‘us’ or ‘we’ refers to the owner of the website whose registered office is [21 Russell Square, London, WC1B 5EA]. Our charity registration number is 1062764. The term ‘you’ refers to the user or viewer of our website.

The use of this website is subject to the following terms of use:

Content Disclaimer 

The content of the pages of this website is for your general information and use only. It is subject to change without notice.

While we take every possible measure to ensure the accuracy of information provided on this website neither we nor any third parties provide any warranty or guarantee as to the accuracy, timeliness, performance, completeness or suitability of the information and materials found or offered on this website for any particular purpose. You acknowledge that such information and materials may contain inaccuracies or errors and we expressly exclude liability for any such inaccuracies or errors to the fullest extent permitted by law. Your use of any information or materials on this website is entirely at your own risk, for which we shall not be liable. It shall be your own responsibility to ensure that any products, services or information available through this website meet your specific requirements.

Use of Content

This website contains material which is owned by or licensed to us. This material includes, but is not limited to, the design, layout, look, appearance and graphics. We allow anyone to access our content electronically without charge. We want to encourage the circulation of our work as widely as possible without affecting the ownership of the copyright, which remains with the copyright holder; in the event that you use any of our content, please ensure that the copyright holder, and where applicable, the producer and the RAS are credited. All images, graphics and content reproduced in this website, which are not the property of, or licensed to the RAS, are acknowledged on the website.

Unauthorised Use

Use Unauthorised use of this website may give rise to a claim for damages and/or be a criminal offence.


From time to time, this website may also include links to other websites. These links are provided for your convenience to provide further information. They do not signify that we endorse the website(s). We have no responsibility for the content of the linked website(s).

Legal Jurisdiction

Your use of this website and any dispute arising out of such use of the website is subject to the laws of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

User Comments

There are some areas of our Website on which users may post information or comments which can be viewed by anyone who visits the Website (whether or not they are registered members). In using these, you agree to the following: respect everyone’s opinion, give everyone the same courtesy you’d expect in return, not to use or post profane or explicit Content, not to post images that might be considered inappropriate, not to post communications that could be considered harassment or intimidation of any member, not to post advertisements or promote products commercially. We reserve the right to edit or remove any content if it does not meet these standards or we deem it inappropriate. We reserve the right to edit or delete such material will not enter into any discussions about a decision to edit or delete such material. The Website may at any time, and without prior or post warning, close discussions in Forums as it feels appropriate. The Website does not endorse any information posted by Users, Members or visitors to the site, and these do not necessarily reflect the views of The Royal African Society or its employees.

Malicious Use of the Site

You must not misuse the Website by knowingly introducing viruses, trojans, worms or other material which is malicious or technologically harmful. You must not attempt to gain unauthorised access to the Website, the server on which the Website is stored or any server, computer or database connected to the Website. You must not attack the Website via a denial-of-service attack or a distributed denial-of service attack.By breaching this provision; you would commit a criminal offence under the Computer Misuse Act 1990. We will report any such breach to the relevant law enforcement authorities and we will co-operate with those authorities by disclosing your identity to them. In the event of such a breach, your right to use the Website will cease immediately.We will not be liable for any loss or damage caused by a distributed denial-of-service attack, viruses or other technologically harmful material that may infect your computer equipment, computer programs, data or other proprietary material due to your use of the Website or to your downloading of any material posted on it, or on any website linked to it.

Termination & Disclosure 

We reserve the right to terminate or restrict your access to the Website at any time without notice for any reason whatsoever. The Website shall be entitled to disclose your user identity and details if required or requested by the courts or other law enforcement authorities and/or agencies or in such other circumstances as specified in our Privacy policy. If you become a registered Member, you may terminate your membership at any time.

Access and Satisfaction You acknowledge that access to the Website is provided free of charge. If you are dissatisfied with the Website, these Terms of use or any of the Content your sole remedy is to discontinue use of the Website. Save in respect of fraud and of personal injury or death to the extent it results from our negligence, we accept no liability to you whatsoever whether based on warranty, contract, tort or otherwise. Applicable law may not allow the limitation or exclusion of liability for consequential or incidental damages, so this limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.

User Generated Content By submitting User Generated Content, you also grant us the right, but not the obligation to use your biographical information including, without limitation, your name and geographical location in connection with your User Generated Content. We reserve the right to display advertisements in connection with your User Generated Content and to use your User Generated Content for advertising and promotional purposes.

Access Access to the Website is permitted on a temporary basis, and we reserve the right to withdraw or amend the service we provide on the Website without notice. We will not be liable if for any reason the Website is unavailable at any time or for any period. From time to time, we may restrict access to some parts of the Website, or the entire Website, to users who have registered with us (Members). We have the right to disable any user identification code or password, whether chosen by you or allocated by us, at any time, if in our opinion you have failed to comply with any of the provisions of these Terms of use.

Members Communication Those registered to the Website will be able to contact other Members if they wish to converse with other Members with similar interests or goals by using membership directory where this option has been enabled by the Member). If you use this option, you warrant not to send “spam” or other unwanted solicitations, or any material that is harassing, threatening, offensive, obscene, abusive, harmful, defamatory, invasive of another’s privacy, or illegal. Members found to be in breach of such warranty will indemnify us in respect of such breach by using email [or any other information and communication] in this manner may be stripped of their membership. We are not responsible for the content of email messages sent to you by our users or from a third party.

Legal Jurisdiction Your use of this website and any dispute arising out of such use of the website is subject to the laws of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.